to provide comprehensive care for the reproductive system in women, performing a variety of preventive and diagnostic tests to treat diseases, infections and complications found in women. Dr. Etkin-Kramer provides ongoing care for women, performing yearly evaluations to ensure the reproductive health of patients.
Gynecology is a medical specialty focused on the care of women, more specifically the medical care for the reproductive system. gynecology differs from obstetrics in the sense that obstetrics is concerned with the pregnant state of the reproductive system in women, while gynecology focuses on the non-pregnant state. Nonetheless, many gynecologists are also obstetricians, denoted by the acronym OB/GYN or OB-GYN.
Gynecologists utilize a variety of diagnostic techniques and procedures including pap smears, pelvic ultrasounds, dilation and curettage procedures (D & C), hysterectomies, STD testing and endometrial and cervical biopsies, among others. Gynecologists are trained to identify disorders and diseases affecting the ovaries, vagina, vulva, cervix, uterus, breasts and oviducts. Gynecologists are able to diagnose and treat conditions such as infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), congenital defects, infertility, tumors, menopause, inflammations and incontinence, among many others.
Although gynecology mainly focuses on the reproductive health of women, this area of medicine is also concerned with their overall health. Gynecologists generally share close relationships with their patients, creating a relationship based on trust and familiarity between patient and doctor, which assists in the delivery of care. Gynecologists are trained to educate women on sexual health, risk factors for disease, preparations for conception, and nutritional and exercise planning, among other areas.